Sams K, Desclaux A, Anoko J, Akindès F, Egrot M et al, 2020. "From Ebola to Plague and Beyond: How Can Anthropologists Best Engage Past Experience to Prepare for New Epidemics?", Cultural Anthropology.
Comment citer (référence de la revue ou celle que vous souhaitez voir reproduite) Sams Kelley, Desclaux Alice, Anoko Julienne, Akindès Francis, Egrot Marc, Khoudia Sow, Taverne Bernard, Bila Blandine, Cros Michèle, Keïta-Diop Moustapha, Fribault Mathieu and Wilkinson Annie. 2020. "From Ebola to Plague and Beyond: How Can Anthropologists Best Engage Past Experience to Prepare for New Epidemics?", Cultural Anthropology, 2017-12-07.
Type de publication
- Média (presse, radio, TV)
Date de publication 07.12.2017
Court résumé In August 2017, a man who had recently traveled by shared taxi from the central highlands of Madagascar to Tamatave (via Antananarivo) died after a brief illness. Soon after his death, an additional thirty-one people who had come into direct or indirect contact with this man became sick and four died. By November 22, 2017, 2,348 cases and 202 deaths from plague were reported throughout the country. No new cases of confirmed bubonic plague have been identified since November 8. But, since the disease is seasonal in Madagascar, prevention and response activities are expected to continued through April 2018 and the World Health Organization (WHO) is advocating for a longer-term strategy to be put in place. At present, Madagascar’s Ministry of Public Health and the WHO are leading the response, which is organized around four major activities: surveillance, community response, case management, and communication. This global health mobilization is reminiscent of what was seen in West Africa from 2014 to 2016 (../../../fieldsights/585-ebola-in-perspective) in response to the Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic. This epidemic, the largest of its type ever seen, rapidly infected almost 30,000 and killed over 11,000 people, mainly in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. This was the first time that EVD had threatened major urban areas. It was also the first time that anthropologists were involved in such large numbers at all stages of the response, particularly to help ensure that public health interventions were locally relevant. Will the collective social science experience acquired during the West African Ebola epidemic be engaged to address the current plague outbreak?
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